Other Services under the Waiver Program
Assistive Technology (AT)
Assistive Technology (AT) The purpose of this service is to supplements the Medicaid State Plan Service for Durable Medical Equipment and supplies, which provides a broad range of special medical equipment and supplies.
An Assistive Technological device may include an item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or to improve the functional capabilities of the waiver participants. AT service is a service that directly assists a waiver participant in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device. This service will only be approved when the requested equipment and supplies improve or maintain the waiver participant's level of independence, ability to access needed supports and services in the community or, maintain or improve the waiver participant's safety.
Community Integration Counseling (CIC)
Community Integration Counseling (CIC) is an individually designed service intended to assist waiver participants who are experiencing significant problems managing the emotional responses inherent in adjusting to a significant physical or cognitive disability while living in the community. It is a counseling service provided to the waiver participant who is coping with altered abilities and skills, a revision of long term expectations, or changes in roles in relation to significant others. This service is primarily provided in the provider's office or the waiver participant's home. It is available to waiver participants and/or anyone involved in an ongoing significant relationship with the waiver participant when the issues to be discussed relates directly to the waiver participant. It is expected that CIC will be conducted on a short-term basis. The need for CIC could occur at the time of transition from a nursing home or at various times during the participant's involvement in the NHTD waiver.
While CIC Services are primarily provided in a one-to-one session to either the waiver participant or a person involved in an ongoing relationship with the participant, there are times when it is appropriate to provide this service to the waiver participant or other in a family counseling or group counseling setting.
Community Transitional Services (CTS)
Community Transitional Services (CTS) are defined as individually designed services intended to assist a waiver participant to transition from a nursing home to living in the community. CTS is a one time service per waiver enrollment. If the waiver participant has been discontinued from the program and now is a resident of the nursing home, they can access this service again, if needed. This service is only provided when transitioning from a nursing home. These funds are not available to move from the participant's home in the community to another location in the community. The funding limits for this service are separate and apart from the limits applied to Moving Assistance, and the two services will not be used at the same time in any approved Service Plan.
Congregate and Home Delivered Meals
Congregate and Home Delivered Meals is an individually designed service which provides meals to waiver participants who cannot prepare or obtain nutritionally adequate meals for themselves, or when the provision of such meals will decrease the need for more costly supports to provide in-home meal preparation. These meals will assist the waiver participant to maintain a nutritious diet. These meals do not constitute a full nutritional regimen. Therefore the maximum number of meals the participant may receive per day is two (2).
Environmental Modifications (E-mods)
Environmental Modifications (E-mods) are internal and external physical adaptations to the home, which are necessary to ensure the health, welfare and safety of the waiver participant. These modifications enable the waiver participant to function with greater independence and prevent institutionalization.
E-mods must be provided where the waiver participant lives. Modifications may also be made to a vehicle if it is the primary means of transportation for the waiver participant (referred to as vehicle modifications). An E-mod may alter the basic configuration of the waiver participant's home only if this alteration is necessary to successfully complete the modification. Some examples of E-mods in the home include the purchase and/or installation of:
- Lifts: hydraulic, manual or electric, for porch, bathroom or stairs (Lifts may also be rented if it is determined that this is more cost-effective.)
- Widened doorways and hallways
- Hand rails and grab bars
- Automatic or manual door openers and doorbells
Home Visits by Medical Personnel
Home Visits by Medical Personnel are individually designed services to provide diagnosis, treatment and wellness monitoring in order to preserve the waiver participant's functional capacity to remain in his/her own home. Wellness monitoring is critical to the overall health of the waiver participant. Wellness monitoring includes disease prevention, the provision of health education and the identification of modifiable health risks. Through increased awareness and education, the waiver participant is more apt to make healthy lifestyle choices which will decrease the likelihood of unnecessary institutionalization. The frequency of wellness monitoring will be contingent on the waiver participant's needs.
Home visits by Medical Personnel must be needed to decrease the likelihood of exacerbations of chronic medical conditions and unnecessary and costly emergency room visits, hospitalizations and nursing facility placement. In addition to assessing the waiver participant, this service will also include the evaluation of the home environment from a medical perspective and the waiver participant's natural (informal) supports' ability to maintain and/or assume the role of caregiver. The provider's assessment of the natural (informal) supports/caregivers will not be one in which a physical exam is performed; instead the assessment will focus on the natural (informal) supports'/caregivers' relationship to the waiver participant in terms of the physical, social and emotional assistance that is currently provided or may be provided in the future. Based on the outcome of this assessment, the provider of this service can make referrals for or request that the SC make referrals for additional assistance as appropriate, thus promoting the ability of the waiver participant to remain at home. The provision of this service allows the waiver participant to remain in the least restrictive setting. This service will enhance the quality of medical care and the quality of life of the waiver participant.
Independent Living Skills Training Services (ILST)
Independent Living Skills Training Services (ILST) are individually designed to improve or maintain the ability of the waiver participant to live as independently as possible in the community. ILST assists in recovering skills that have decreased as a result of onset of disability. Also, ILST will primarily be targeted to those individuals with progressive illnesses to maintain essential skills. ILST may be provided in the waiver participant's home and in the community. This service will primarily be provided on an individual basis; only in the unique situation where the waiver participant will receive greater benefit from other than a 1:1 situation, will a group method of providing service be approved.
Moving Assistance Services
Moving Assistance Services are individually designed services intended to transport a waiver participant's possessions and furnishings. This service can be used when the waiver participant must be moved from an inadequate or unsafe housing situation to a viable environment which more adequately meets the waiver participant's health and welfare needs and alleviates the risk of unwanted nursing home placement. Moving Assistance may also be utilized when the waiver participant is moving to a location where more natural supports will be available, and thus allows the waiver participant to remain in the community in a supportive environment.
Nutritional Counseling/Educational Services
Nutritional Counseling/Educational Services is an individually designed service which provides an assessment of the waiver participant's nutritional needs and food patterns, and the planning for the provision of food and drink appropriate for the waiver participant's conditions, or the provision of nutrition education, and counseling to meet normal and therapeutic needs.
Peer Mentoring is an individually designed service intended to improve the waiver participant's self-sufficiency, self-reliance, and ability to access needed services, goods, and opportunities in the community. This is to be accomplished through education, teaching, instruction, information sharing, and self-advocacy training. The service is based on the belief that often people with disabilities who are struggling to regain a self satisfying life may best benefit from relating to another person with a disability who has been successful in this effort. Since there maybe attitudinal and physical barriers placed in the way of individuals with disabilities, a Peer Mentor is able to examine these barriers and assist the waiver participant to overcome them.
Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS)
Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) services are individually designed and are provided to waiver participants who have significant behavioral difficulties that jeopardize their ability to remain in the community of choice due to inappropriate responses to events in their environment. The PBIS should be provided in the situation where the significant maladaptive behavior occurs.
PBIS services include but are not limited to:
- A comprehensive assessment of the individual's behavior (in the context of their medical diagnosis and disease progression as determined by the appropriate health or mental health professional), skills and abilities, existing and potential natural and paid supports and the environment;
- The development and implementation of a holistic structured behavioral treatment plan (Detailed Plan) including specific realistic goals which can also be utilized by other providers and natural supports;
- The training of family, natural supports and other providers so they can effectively use the basic principles of the behavioral plan;
- Regular reassessments of the effectiveness of the behavioral treatment plan, making adjustments to the plan as needed.
Respiratory Therapy is an individually designed service, specifically provided in the home, intended to provide preventative, maintenance, and rehabilitative airway-related techniques and procedures. Respiratory Therapy services include:
- application of medical gases, humidity and aerosols;
- intermittent positive pressure;
- continuous artificial ventilation;
- administration of drugs through inhalation and related airway management;
- individual care;
- instruction administered to the waiver participant and natural supports.
Respite Services is an individually designed service intended to provide relief to natural (informal), non-paid supports who provide primary care and support to a waiver participant. This is usually provided for participants who are in need of oversight and supervision as a discrete task. The primary location for the provision of this service is in the waiver participant's home. Respite Services are provided in a 24-hour block of time.
Structured Day Program
Structured Day Program services are individually designed services, provided in an outpatient congregate setting or in the community, to improve or maintain the waiver participant's skills and ability to live as independently as possible in the community. Services may include assessment, training and supervision to an individual with self-care, task completion, communication skills, interpersonal skills, problem-solving skills, socialization, sensory/motor skills, mobility, community transportation skills, reduction/elimination of maladaptive behaviors, money management skills, and skills to maintain a household.
Wellness Counseling Service
Wellness Counseling Service is an individually designed service intended to assist the medically stable waiver participant in maintaining optimal health status. It is intended to be available to a waiver participant who does not otherwise have access to nursing services. Through Wellness Counseling, a Registered Professional Nurse assists the waiver participant to identify his/her health care needs and provides guidance to the waiver participant to minimize, or in some cases prevent, exacerbations of disease. This service differs from Medicaid State Plan Nursing Service as it provides wellness counseling as a discrete service to medically stable individuals.
Through Wellness Counseling, a Registered Professional Nurse can reinforce or teach healthy habits such as the need for daily exercise, weight control, or avoidance of smoking. Additionally, the Registered Professional Nurse will be able to offer support for control of any diseases or disorders such as high blood pressure, diabetes, morbid obesity, asthma or high cholesterol.
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